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THE INDIAN MATHEAMTICAL SOCIETY
(Estd. 1907; Registration No. S-550, Delhi)
http://www.indianmathsociety.org.in
**

It was a landmark in the history of Indian Mathematics when more than a century ago, on April 4, 1907,
late
**Shri V. Ramaswami Aiyar ** ,
a Deputy Collector in the services of the then Madras Province, founded India’s
first Mathematical Society, with
** twenty enthusiastic founding members **
, and with its Headquarters at Pune.

To day, the Indian Mathematical Society (IMS) is the oldest and the largest Mathematical Society
of the Country with more than 2000 Life Members.

The objects of the Society is the promotion of Mathematical Study and Research. Its central activity
is to inspire and encourage researchers, educationists, students and all the mathematics loving persons .

Professor B. Hanumantha Rao was the first President of the Society; from 1907 to 1912.

Mathematical Reminiscences of the founding father himself.

(excerpts from V. Ramaswami Aiyar's presidential address of 1926.

See The Math. Student, 80, Nos.1-4,(2011), 243-258)

“ In 1893 I took M. A. degree and about August in the following year I was a candidate for the Mysore Civil Service Examination and failed. I then received an enquiry from Mr. Bhabha, Inspector-General of Education in Mysore, asking if I can act as a Professor of Mathematics in the Central College, Bangalore, in place of Mr. T. R. Venkataswami Naidu, who was taking a short leave. I was glad to accept the offer. This made me a colleague of Mr. M. T. Naraniengar and we became intimate friends. We were both deeply interested in Mathematics and in a modest way Geometry was our forte and curves our fancy; we discussed nothing but mathematics. Ball’s Mathematical Recreations had recently come out and contained a lot to interest us. After Mr. Venkataswami Naidu rejoined duty, I continued to remain in Bangalore, meeting Mr. M. T. Naraniengar frequently. We had a special affinity as both of us were old boys of the Cambridge College.

In 1895, Mathematics classes were opened for B. A. in the Maharaja’s college, Mysore, and I was appointed to a permanent post in the staff of the college, as Lecturer in the subject. Mr. J. Weir was the principal of the college and Professor of Mathematics. Mr. Weir got me introduced as a member of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society and I felt very proud. The proceedings of the Society, which I received,

My service in Mysore did not continue long. I appeared for the Madras Civil Service Examination of 1895 and came out successfully. I joined the Madras Civil Service as a Deputy Collector at the end of 1895.

The year 1906, I think, is an important date in the intellectual history of the world. It was the year in which Einstein made his great discovery of the principle of relativity. It was also the year, probably, in which our own great mathematician, Ramanujan, unknown as yet, was making some of his discoveries. However that be, there was a feeling in India that it was the time of large awakening. There was considerable political agitation then, owing to the partition of Bengal. But men also saw that, before India could become great, we needed advancement in many different directions. Our great countryman, Sir J. N. Tata, had these problems in mind and laid the foundation of a considerable industrial and intellectual advancement. But his great scheme of Central Research Institute for India made no provision for mathematical advancement. One day I put myself the question “Can I not be of some help in advancing the interests of Mathematics in India?” The spirit of the times made me think seriously about the question. I wanted to form a Mathematical Society which might be something like the Edinburgh (Mathematical) Society. I obtained the Calendars of the Madras and the Bombay Universities and made a list of all men who had taken the M. A. degree, or a first class in B. A., or doing work as Professors and Assistant Professors in various colleges. The list was very encouraging. There were men of distinction like Dastur, Sanjana, Apte and Paranjpye in the Bombay Presidency. There were men like Hanumantha Rao, my own teacher Swaminatha Aiyar, Ramchandra Rao, Naraniengar, Ramesham, Venkataswami Naidu, and so on in my Presidency. On perusal of the long list, it occurred to me that, if by some magic, I could only put all these names in to a Society, then with Euclid, I might say, Q. E. F. (what is required is now done). But I did not see my way for this magic. I was a Deputy Collector and not a Professor of a College whom his fellow mathematicians would know. I sometimes thought that, if I were the great Asutosh Mukherji of Bengal, I could make a trumpet call, bringing all the mathematicians to gether at once. But I was unknown; and any call by me, I felt, would fall flat on the public ear. So, I was in a state of hesitation as to the action I should take.

In that year I saw a copy of the Quarterly Journal of Mathematics, sent me by a friend. The matter which it contained was mostly beyond me but there was a little bit that delighted me. And I began to wonder how many such delightful bits, we in India, may be missing by not seeing the leading journals. This made me more eager than ever to try to form a Mathematical Society. At length came

After the formation of our Society in 1907, I wrote to the leading mathematicians of Bengal (with copies of my original letter and letter of announcement) asking for their support. I got a prompt response from Professor Mahendra Nath Dey, but not from others. Professor Dey informed me that my letters to others had been received, but mathematicians of Bengal were considering the formation of a separate Society at Calcutta. I was feeling disappointed that Bengal did not join us. Before long, however, I received a kind letter from Sir Gurudas Banerjee, the eminent judge, as well as mathematician, acknowledging my l etter, commending our action, and stating that they in Bengal preferred to have a Society formed in Calcutta itself, to gain our common objects the better, and that plans for this were ready. He said that India was such a vast country that there was ample room for both the Societies to function and he wished all prosperity to our endeavours. With such blessings from Sir Gurudas we were very glad to see our sister Society

and 20 FOUNDING MEMBERS OF THE SOCIETY

Sir,–I recently sent a proposal to some gentlemen interested in mathematics suggesting the formation of a small Mathematical Society. The proposal ran as follows : –

Sir,–I believe several friends interested in Mathematics have felt the present lack of facilities for seeing mathematical periodicals and books. This is a very great disadvantage we are suffering.

I propose therefore that a few friends may at once join and form a small Mathematical Society and subscribe for all the important Mathematical periodicals and, as far as possible, for all important books in Higher Mathematics.

We may call the Society “The Analytic Club” for the present, and have it in view to give it a broader basis with a suitable name by and by.

Our work immediately will be to obtain all the important periodicals and new books and circulate them to members. I shall be glad to undertake the duties of Secretary for the first year and do my best to promote the object in view.

If half a dozen members can be counted upon to join immediately and each subscribe Rs. 25/- per annum, we shall be able to make a good start. The Annual Subscription may perhaps be somewhat less, say, if a dozen members can be had; but even a dozen members paying Rs. 25/- per annum would not suffice to enable the Club to obtain the more important books appearing every year. I propose therefore that the subscription be Rs. 25/- per annum.

It appears to me necessary also that members should be prepared for a further sacrifice, and I propose that each member should send the journals and books he receives on to the next, and the last to the Secretary, at his own cost. This in effect would be to add about Rs. 5/- more to one’s subscription. I hope friends interested in Mathematics will not consider this a too heavy sacrifice – at any rate initially, in giving a club start.

Will you kindly write to me if you are in favour of the proposal? In case you are, I request you will send me your subscription of Rs. 25/- for 1907, as early as possible, so that we make a start at once.

This is only a tentative scheme and we may try it for a year and then introduce necessary changes.

I propose to consider the club formed as soon as three friends have agreed to the proposal, making with me four members. Thereafter, all business requiring determination by the Club can be done by circulation. Requesting the favour of an early reply,

I remain, Sir, Yours truly ,

(Signed) V. Ramaswami Aiyar.

In response to this proposal (which I was able to send only to a very limited number of persons) the under mentioned have written to me consenting to become members of the proposed Society :

Messrs :

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

17.

18.

19.

Messrs :

M. A., L.L. B., F. R. A. S.

Rajaram College, Kolhapur

M. A.

Nizam’s College, Hyderabad.

B. A.

Christian College, Madras

B. A.

College of Engineering, Madras.

B. A.

Nizam’s College, Hyderabad

M. A.

Mysore

M. A.

Accountant General’s Office, Madras

M. A.

M. A.

Maharaja’s College, Vizianagaram

M. A.

Central College, Bangalore.

B. Sc., M. A.

Fergusson College, Poona

B. A.

M. A.

Samaldas College, Bhavnagar, Kathiawar

M. A.

Government College, Kumbhakonam

B. A.

Christian College, Madras

B. A.

B. A.

Maharaja’s College, Mysore

B. A., B. C. E.

B. A., B. C. E.,

Madras P. W. D., Madanapalli

M. A.

I beg to declare on behalf of all those that have joined, that the Society is now formed, under the proposed name “The Analytic Club” for the time being; and I shall be its Secretary provisionally.

My thanks are due to the gentlemen who have joined, for the support they have given me in starting the club. The membership has already exceeded my modest anticipations, and many more, I think, will be joining. This renders some changes and a better organization at once necessary. I shall soon be submitting to members proposals for a simple constitution for the Society according to which the affairs of the Society will be managed by a committee consisting of a President, a few office bearers and some additional members. From the support that I have received in this respect also, I feel we shall have a Committee giving the greatest possible confidence.

Our Library should preferably be in a place which is postally a good centre for all India. In this respect, Poona is, next to Bombay, the most central place for all India. Further, I am glad to be able to mention that Prof. Paranjpye will be willing to take charge of the Library, provision being made for the discharge of purely mechanical work through Assistant Librarians. By voting Poona as our centre, we Madrassees will convince the rest of India that we do not look at the matter from a purely provincial point of view.

---------

Also, the 1907 and 1908 volumes of the Journal published by the Society are under the name

**
Discovery of Srinivasa Ramanujan – the greatest mathematical genius of modern times in India.
**

When we pauses to reflect on Ramanujan’s life, we see that there were certain events
that seemingly were necessary in order that Ramanujan and his mathematics be brought
to posterity. One of these was V. Ramaswami Aiyar’s founding of the Indian Mathematical Society, for had he not launched the Indian Mathematical Society, the next necessary episode, namely, Ramanujan’s meeting with Ramaswami Aiyar at his office in 1910, would also have not taken place. Ramanujan had carried with him one of his notebooks, and Ramaswami Aiyar not only recognized the creative spirit that produced its contents, but he also had the wisdom to contact others in order to bring Ramanujan’s mathematics to others for appreciation and support. The large mathematical community that has thrived on Ramanujan’s discoveries for nearly a century ** owes a huge debt to V. Ramaswami Aiyar and the Indian Mathematical Society**.

The Silver Jubilee Celebrations, on the occasion of completion of twenty five years of existence of IMS, were held at Pune on March 26, 1932 under the Presidentship of Wrangler Principal R.P. Paranjpye. It is at this conference that it was decided to start the publication of another periodical, as a part of this Silver Jubilee Celebrations, and accordingly the Society started a new Journal named The Mathematics Student in 1933 - over and above the Journal of the Indian Mathematical Society which was being published from the begining.

The Annual Conferences of the Society are full of very enriching programmes such as Plenary and Memorial Award Lectures by eminent mathematicians, several invited Lectures and Symposia on current areas of research as also the Paper Presentation Competetion and Presentation of large number of research papers by researchers from all over the Country.

The details of the venue of past conferences can be accessed in the link

Prof. S.T. Yau (Fields Medalist), Prof. Richard Hamilton (Clay Award winner) and Prof. S.R. S. Varadhan (Abel Prize Winner) delivered Plenary lectures during the Conference.

The Platinum Jubilee 75th Annual Conference of the Society was held under the auspices of the Kalasalingam University, Krishnankoil, Tamil Nadu, in December 2009. On this occasion, a Commemorative Postage Stamp on the “Indian Mathematical Society” was issued by the Department of Posts (Philately Division), Government of India to mark the completion of the hundred years of the establishment of the Society.

All these years, the Society has motivated and inspired a very large number of budding mathematicians, and thus has served a great cause of promoting Mathematics Education and Research in the Country.

To mark the occasion of this Centenary Year, Special Volumes of the Journal (

(

and

(

both of which are quarterly (the four numbers published as a single yearly volume now).

From its very inception, the Society started publishing, 'Progress Reports’. The First Progress Report was published in September 1907. Till December 1908, in all, eight 'Progress Reports’ were brought out. From 1909 the 'Progress Reports’ were rechristened as Journal and it was published every two months till 1933. The First Editor of 'Progress Reports’ and later of the Journal of the Indian Mathematical Society (J. Ind. Math. Soc.) was

It was due to the hard work put in by these two pioneering editors that the JIMS established itself as one of the leading international Journals, a position which it continues to hold even today.

It may be noted that with great pride that

At the time of the Silver Jubilee Celebrations on the occasion of completion of twenty five years of existence of the Indian Mathematical Society in 1932, it was decided to start the publication of another periodical, and accordingly the Society started

It may be noted with great pride that

Currently, the following is published in The Mathematics Student:

• the texts (written in a way accessible to students) of the Presidential Addresses, the Plenary talks and the Award Lectures delivered at the Annual Conferences,

• general survey articles, popular articles, expository papers, Book-Reviews of selected Books,

• problems and solutions of the problems,

• clever proofs of theorems that graduate / undergraduate students might see in their course work,

• research papers (not highly technical, but of interest to larger readership), and

• articles that arouse curiosity and interest for learning mathematics among readers and motivate them for doing mathematics, etc.

For the Journal, manuscripts in the electronic form should be submitted to

Harishchandra Research Institute, Chhatnag Road, Jhusi,

Allahabad - 211 019 (UP), India.

E-mail : sdeo94@gmail.com , jimsmorane@gmail.com

For the Mathematics Student, manuscripts in the electronic form should be submitted to

( Department of Mathematics, The M. S. University of Baroda )

5, Arjun Park, Near Patel Colony, Behind Dinesh Mill,

Shivananda Marg, Vadodara-390 007 (Gujarat), India.

E-mail : msindianmathsociety@gmail.com

The authors of the papers printed in the Journal of the Indian Mathematical Society as well as in The Mathematics Student are entitled to receive, on line,

There are no page charges

For each periodical

The agents are entitled to 20 % discount on their orders.

For subscribing the periodicals, one may contact the IMS Tresurer on

Rs. 2000/- (US $1000/- for those residing outside India - referred to as International Life Members ).

The Life Members of the Indian Mathematical Society who have registered their e-mail with the Society are entitled to

< imsgoesgreen@gmail.com >

It may please be noted that the contents of The Mathematics Student will continue to be available on the Society’s website ( www.indianmathsociety.org ) and a physical copy of The Mathematics Student will continue to be available at the IMS Library (Ramanujan Institute of Advanced Study in Mathematics, Madras University, Chennai) as well as at the Registered Office of the Society (Department of Mathematics, University of Pune, Pune – 411 007) for reference during office hours.

Rs. 250/- ( US $100/- for those residing outside India ).

Rs. 250/- ( US $100/- for those residing outside India ).

Sessional Members are those who join the Society only for a particular Session. They may contribute papers for presentation and / or participate in any of the academic programmes held during the Session.

All business correspondence be addressed to

The Treasurer can be contacted online on the E-mail address

All payments, including membership fees, are to be made to Prof. S. K. Nimbhorkar, Treasurer, IMS by an account payee DD drawn in favour of “The Indian Mathematical Society” payable at Aurangabad (Maharashtra), India at the address mentioned in the above.

The Library receives many journals on Exchange basis and has a rich collection of back numbers of reputed mathematical journals received from all over the world. The complete catalogue of the back volumes of all the periodicals published by the Society as well as those received in exchange by the Society and available in the IMS Library, Chennai, is now displayed on the IMS website.

There is a spate of request for xerox copies of articles published in these journals and the Library attends to these demands promptly. If a particular journal is not available in the IMS Library, the scholars/students are requested to contact other Libraries where it is likely to be available providing them with the addresses of those Libraries.

2. Srinivasa Ramanujan Memorial Award Lecture (Instituted in 1990)

3. V. Ramaswamy Aiyer Memorial Award Lecture (Instituted in 1990)

4. Hansaraj Gupta Memorial Award Lecture (Instituted in 1990)

5. Ganesh Prasad Memorial Award Lecture (Instituted in 1993; and delivered every alternate year).

These Lectures carry a token honorarium of Rs. 2500/- each along with a Citation.

Further, as part of the Academic Programme, there may be

This Prize is awarded to the author of the best research paper published in the Journal of the Indian Mathematical Society or The Mathematics Student. The Prize carries a cash award of Rs. 2000/- along with a Certificate.

The Prize will be recommended by a committee consisting of The Academic Secretary, Indian Mathematical Society (Convener), Editor, Journal of the Indian Mathematical Society and the Editor, The Mathematics Student.

The Prize will be awarded during the Inaugural Function of the Annual Conference of the Indian Mathematical Society.

This Prize is awarded annually to the top scorer(s) of the Indian team at the International Mathematical Olympiad. It consists of a cash Prize of Rs. 1000/- and a Certificate. The Prize is presented during the Inaugural Session of the Annual Conference of the Indian Mathematical Society.

In order to encourage and inspire the young and budding research workers, the Society holds, during its Annual Conferences, a Special Session of Paper Presentation Competition for various Prizes to be awarded to the best research paper presented. This Special Session is held as a part of the Academic Programme with no other parallel session.

Three / Four judges are appointed by the Council for “Paper Presentation Competition” for deciding the award of various Prizes.

Each of these eight prizes listed above carries a cash award of Rs.1000/- and a Certificate.

b) Independent work at the post-doctoral level is preferred.

c) The work must have been carried out in India.

d) Stress will be on both, quality of research as well as performance during the presentation.

(A). An offer of a donation with a stipulated purpose (not as part of the corpus), may be accepted by the Council on its merit.

(B). An offer of a donation of any amount in general, without any stipulated conditions, may be accepted by the Council on its merit as a part of the General Purpose Corpus.

The Council reserves its right whether or not a particular donation be accepted.

For any additional information, other links of IMS website be surfed.